The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2017
World Economic Forum (WEF) again carry out an in-depth analysis of the Travel and Tourism competitiveness of 136 countries across the world. The theme of this edition is Paving the Way for a More Sustainable and Inclusive Future, reflects the increasing focus on ensuring the industry’s sustained growth in an uncertain security environment while preserving the natural environment and local communities on which it so richly depend. There are four focus assessment conducted by the WEF: Enabling Environment, Travel & Tourism Policy and Enabling Conditions, Infrastructure, Natural and Cultural Resources. From the four focus assessment still further elaborated into 14 assessment indicators. Then how Indonesia position based on those assessment?
In 2017, Indonesia was ranks 42 with a score of 4.16, which means up 8 ranking from 2015. This is a fairly good evidence for the development of tourism in Indonesia. Indonesia has managed to make the most of globally recognized natural resources (rank 14, score 4.75) with a very affordable prices (rank 5, a score of 6.00). To build on its assets, Indonesia has emphasized its cultural resources (rank 23, score 3.28) and prioritized the travel & tourism sector as an important driver of economic development. Indonesia has further improved its international openness (ranked 17, climbed 38 positions), becoming the country with the 2nd strongest visa policy. The number of international tourist arrivals as much as 10.406.759 tourists with a revenue of US $ 10,761.0 million. Travel and tourism industry GDP amounted to US $ 28,208.9 million and there were 3.468.400 jobs in the tourism sector. So, currently representing 6% of the country’s exports, the government recognizes the potential of T&T and is investing about 9% of its budget in the sector.
Indonesia has further expanded the offer and promotion of its natural resources by increasing the size of protected areas and attracting more online interest on natural activities. However, better environmental protection is still a huge task for sustainable development. In this environment sustainability, Indonesia ranks 131 from 136 countries with a score of 3.25 remains a key risk factor for sustained development of the sector going forward. Being home of one of the most bio-diversed habitat in the world, Indonesia must address deforestation (rank 113), insufficient treatment of wastewaters (rank 109), and augmenting species listed as threatened (rank 127). Indonesia should also focus on improving its tourism service infrastructure (rank 96), with the availability of hotel rooms are still low (rank 93).
The combination between development and environmental sustainability is key to the future success of the tourism sector and the welfare of Indonesian society. Therefore, the need for strengthening the involvement of all stakeholders in the development of sustainable tourism both governments, private tourism businesses and communities. Let’s build a more sustainable tourism.
For future information, you can download The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2017.